Ketaki Chester was a cousin of King Birendra, and was present with her sister at the Naryanhiti Palace on 1 June 2001 when Crown Prince Dipendra killed nine members of his family, including himself. Late king Birendra’s mother Ratna still lives in her residence, Mahendra Manjil, within the complex. However, various political parties were disenchanted with this form of government and that led to a civil war in 1996 which lasted until 2006. On June 1, 2001 – allegedly completely unconnected with the war – King Birendra was murdered along with the whole family during supper in the palace dining room. HIS MAJESTY KING BIRENDRA BIR BIKRAM SHAH DEV OF NEPAL, who has been killed aged 55, was the world's only Hindu king and was considered by … King Birendra and Aishwarya of Nepal, during a visit by Queen Elizabeth II to Nepal, 21st February 1986. All political parties were banned and he ruled with the help of the panchayat system which comprised of regional and local councils. The chapter on ‘The Shah Restoration, 1950-2001’ covers the revival of the monarchy under Birendra’s grandfather King Tribhuvan, his father King Mahendra, and Birendra’s own role in ‘democratizing’ the nation. On his ascension he was effectively an absolute monarch, as he inherited a country where political parties were banned and he ruled through a system of local and regional councils known as panchayats. It concludes with a very brief introduction to Birendra’s son Dipendra in his youth. His coronation as the King of Nepal took place three years after becoming the King, on February 4, 1975. King Birendra of Nepal was born in Kathmandu, Nepal, at the ‘Narayanhiti Royal Palace’ on December 29, 1945. According to the people of Nepal, he was among the best kings ever in Nepal. [citation needed] This was observed in the 2036 B.S. The other victims included three of the King's children, his two sisters and one more member of the family by marriage. In May 1980 he called for a national referendum to choose between a non-party government and a multi-party government. He also learnt to fly helicopters during his early days before becoming the monarch of Nepal. The referendum was held in May 1980 with the non-party system winning by a margin of 55% to 45%. The late King Birendra of Nepal was the world's only Hindu king. Almost all of the Royal family members were killed in the massacre except Gyanendra Shah, Birendra's younger brother. Dipendra's body was cremated after his funeral. The new constitution would make Birendra head of state of a constitutional monarchy with a system of multiparty democracy. His father was King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and mother was Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi. then King Tribhuvan and Crown Prince Mahendra were both alive and well, though in a self-imposed exile in India. Dhirendra was killed in the royal palace massacre. On the ground floor was the private office of the then King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya. 2002-2058) was the tenth Shah dynasty king of Nepal. Consequently Gyanendra was inducted as king. It concludes with a very brief introduction to Birendra’s son Dipendra in his youth. In 1959 King Birendra enrolled at E… He was appointed as a British Field Marshal in 1980. He had made it easy for his son Dipendra to follow, but Dipendra too is by now reduced to ashes by the banks of the Bagmati. King Birendra and his son Dipendra were very popular and well-respected by the Nepalese population. King Birendra of Nepal was born in Kathmandu, Nepal, at the ‘Narayanhiti Royal Palace’ on December 29, 1945. It now rests on the survivor, Gyanendra to make up for his brother’s absence. He was the eldest son of King Mahendra and is believed to be the best king among all the monarchs who have ruled the country. The commission presented him with the draft of the proposed constitution on 10 September 1990. King Birendra appointed an interim government to pave the way for elections. The dead included King Birendra of Nepal and Queen Aishwarya. The eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. He resented the absolute power that was vested in him and maintained that his government was actually a democracy run by the people’s representatives instead of being run by a costly alternative of multiple political parties. In 1959, Birendra enrolled at Eton College in the United Kingdom. It was a warm Friday evening on June 2001 in Kathmandu, Nepal and King Birendra Shah was looking forward … King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (b. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah was a former King of Nepal born in December 29th, 1945. He was the eldest son of his parents and had two younger brothers, King Gyanendra and Prince Dhirendra. He became the ‘Crown Prince of Nepal’ while at school when his grandfather King Tribhuvan died on March 13, 1955. In contrast, the hallway also has some grisly taxidermy heads of bears, deer and mountain goats along the wall, a life-size mirror reflecting them. ", "Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev King of Nepal", "Dipendra kicked his father after he shot him", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Birendra_of_Nepal&oldid=999817889, Grand Crosses Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Knights of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Grand Crosses of the Order of the Star of Romania, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 03:07. Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the king of Nepal from 2001 to 2008. He went on an exploration of the country all by himself and visited the villages and monasteries. After his father's (King Mahendra) death in 1972, King Birendra consulted his court astrologers, who advised him to delay his coronation for three years, with the most auspicious moment for his crowning being at 8:37 am precisely on 4 February 1975. The demand for another probe into the royal massacre has faded now, but the general people, political leaders and kith and kin of the royal family still recall the late King Birendra as a humble, polite and friendly king and June 1 as a black day in Nepal's history. Some historians have speculated that King Birendra's democratic views and simple nature led to the success of the People's Movement I (1990). The then Prince Dipendra also lived on the ground floor. Visit ofthe Kings of Spain in Nepal - Katmandhu.Cena gala hosted by King Birendra and Queen Aishwayra to the King of Spain Juan Carlos and Sofia. He was also an art collector and supporter of Nepalese crafts people and artists, and learnt to fly helicopters.[7]. He ascended to the throne in 1972, just two years after marriage, as a result of the sudden death of his father, King Mahendra. Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev ruled Nepal for 30 years from January 30, 1971 to June 1, 2001. [7] Birendra resented the imputation that he was an absolute monarch, maintaining that he presided over a democracy in which representatives to the assembly were indirectly elected and saying that his poor and backward country could not afford a democracy based on party politics and that it needed firm and decisive government. The son of King Mahendra, whom he succeeded in 1972, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. However, the quarrels between various political parties and numerous social problems led to the Nepalese Civil War, a conflict between Maoist rebels and government forces, which lasted from 1996 until 2006. Life support machine Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 1 June 2001) was the 11th King of Nepal and a South Asian statesman. The demand for another probe into the royal massacre has faded now, but the general people, political leaders and kith and kin of the royal family still recall the late King Birendra as a humble, polite and friendly king and June 1 as a black day in Nepal's history. Spread over 754 ropanis, the premises has a Nepal Army division in the north, Republic Memorial on the east and the offices of the Department of … H did initial schooling at the Jesuist school, ‘St. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (Nepali: वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was the King of Nepal from 1972 until 2001. When I became Birendra's tutor, I was twenty-seven, he was twenty-two. After the decimation of King Birendra’s family, King Gyanendra is the legal heir to the throne sanctioned by the customs and traditions of Nepal. The late King Birendra of Nepal was the world's only Hindu king. He appointed an independent Constitution Recommendation Commission to represent the main opposition factions and to prepare a new constitution to accommodate their demands for political reform. Birendra was married to Aishwarya Rajya Lakshmi Devi from the Rana family, his second cousin, on 27 February 1970. Early life. In 1990, a series of strikes and pro-democracy riots broke out in Nepal. King Birendra will go down in history as a monarch who led Nepal through changing political times. Dipendra was proclaimed king but died a few days later of self-inflicted gunshot wounds sustained in the massacre. On November 9, 1990, he declared the government to be a constitutional monarchy with Krishna Prasad Bhattarai as its Prime Minister. [8] The wedding, which was billed as one of the most lavish Hindu nuptial ceremonies in history, cost $9.5 million to stage. [12] During the 1980s the restraints that had been imposed on political organisations started to ease, and liberal student-led groups started to demand constitutional change in Nepal.[6][17]. The stability of Nepal was threatened even more when Birendra and his family (including Queen Aishwarya) were massacred at a royal dinner on 1 June 2001.. On the ground floor was the private office of the then King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya. He formally asked the international community to endorse his proposal that the United Nations should declare Nepal a ZoP, to give a new dimension to Nepalese stance for non-aligned movement. He became the 11th king of Nepal in 1972 and held the position till the time of his death. King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya and Prince Niranjan were among the victims of the tragedy at the royal palace in Nepal's capital, Kathmandu. King Birendra and the rest of the Nepalese Royal Family were slain in a bloodbath June 7, 2001 by crown prince Dipendra in a drunken frenzy. When he ascended the throne absolute power was vested in him with no other form of government in place. He ruled Nepal till 2058 BS. Birendra completed eight years teaching with his sister Gyanendra at St Joseph’s School, a Jesuit college in Darjeeling. He endured the difficult change of heading the government of his mountain kingdom to … Still many Nepalis love him and still do. Because of the rioting, King Birendra lifted the ban on political parties and agreed to become a constitutional monarch in April 1990. On June 1, 2001 (according to the official version), King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, 55, considered to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was gunned down during a family dinner party here by his 30-year-old son, Crown Prince Dipendra. In June 2001, however, his life took a sudden dramatic turn when the Nepalese royal family was plunged into crisis. On June 1, Crown Prince Dipendra assassinated King Birendra and eight other members of the royal family. On June 1, Crown Prince Dipendra assassinated King Birendra and eight other members of the royal family. He had three children, Yuvaraj Dipendra Shah, Adhiraj Kumari Shruti Shah and Adhiraj Kumar Nirajan Shah. The Top 25 Wrestling Announcers Of All Time, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. He was the eldest son of his parents and had two younger brothers, King Gyanendra and Prince Dhirendra. - Issue Date: Jun 18, 2001 https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/birendra-of-nepal-7103.php, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs. [6] Birendra enjoyed traveling in his youth, and went on trips to Canada, Latin America, Africa, many parts of India, and a number of other Asian countries. He studied for some time at the University of Tokyo, Japan in 1967, and then studied political history at the Harvard University, US, from 1967 to 1968. The draft constitution was approved by the Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and his cabinet and so, on 9 November 1990, Birendra promulgated the new constitution transforming Nepal into a constitutional monarchy. In 1959 King Birendra enrolled at E… Dipendra was proclaimed king but died a few days later of self-inflicted gunshot wounds sustained in the massacre. The then Prince Dipendra also lived on the ground floor. He visited many countries in Latin America, Africa, and a number of Asian countries. The son of King Dipendra, the Crown Prince of the royal family of Nepal dissatisfied with the fact that his parents did not accept his chosen woman, he assassinated his family members. The shelf centres a painting of King Birendra’s mother, Queen Indra – her immaculate beauty captured on a crystal frame. After studying at Eton until 1964, he returned to Nepal where he began to explore the country by travelling on foot to the remote parts of the country where he lived on whatever was available in the villages and monasteries. King Birendra was born at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his first wife, Crown Princess Indra Rajya Lakshmi Devi.[4][5]. So much of conspiracy!! King Birendra Bikram, Shah of Nepal, gunned down by his own son and heir after what is said to have been a dispute at a family dinner party over … With his father's ascension King Birendra became the Crown Prince of Nepal. Restrictions on the political parties also started to ease as more and more groups led by students asking for a change to the type of government started to emerge starting from April 1990. King Birendra and the rest of the Nepalese Royal Family were slain in a bloodbath June 7, 2001 by crown prince Dipendra in a drunken frenzy. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (Nepali: वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was the King of Nepal from 1972 until 2001. On the same day he declared that every child in the country was entitled to free education. Late king Birendra’s mother Ratna still lives in her residence, Mahendra Manjil, within the complex. He had two elder sisters, Princess Shanti and Princess Sharada and a younger sister named Princess Shobha. The kitchen, dining room, wine bar and restroom are also on the ground floor. Subsequently, Pushpa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda) , the chairman of the Nepalese Maoist Party , in a public gathering claimed that the massacre was planned by the Indian intelligence agency Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) or the American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Following the controversy arising from naming its seasonal beer after late king Birendra, the Turbinenbräu brewery in Zürich has corresponded with Swiss Embassy in … The Nepalese royal massacre occurred on 1 June 2001, at a house in the grounds of the Narayanhity Royal Palace, then the residence of the Nepalese monarchy.It is believed that the heir to the throne, Prince Dipendra, killed nine members of his family and himself.The dead included King Birendra of Nepal and Queen Aishwarya.. In 1975, King Birendra declared Nepal as a ‘zone of peace’ and a neutral territory so that it could pursue a policy of non-alignment which would bring progress and prosperity. Early life. The coronation ceremony was attended by statesmen and political leaders from 60 nations, with the Prince of Wales representing the British Royal Family. [9] King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya had three children: Birendra succeeded to the Nepalese throne on 31 January 1972, at the age of 27, after the death of his father King Mahendra. The story of heavenly love turned to hellish fury. [10] His first trips abroad as king were to India in October 1973 and China two months later [11] as he believed that Nepal, sandwiched between the two Asian powers, should have good relations with both.[12]. On 13 March 1955 his grandfather King Tribhuvandied and his father succeeded to the Nepalese throne. He maintained the sovereignty of the country in spite of all foreign influences. [1] After People's Movement I that resulted in few hundred deaths, he was forced to establish a constitutional monarchy in Nepal.[2]. Coming to the throne of Nepal at the age of 27 King Birendra sought to emphasize economic development and a decentralization of authority.. King Birendra (Bir Bikram Shah Dev) of Nepal was born on December 28, 1945, the eldest son of King Mahendra and Queen Indra. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? During the first two thirds of this period, he was an absolute ruler under the system he had inherited from his father, King Mahendra. He was the first monarch of Nepal who wanted his countrymen to have an experience of actual democracy where there would be a form of panchayat system that would be beneficial to all. He lived on whatever he could get from the people. Coming to the throne of Nepal at the age of 27 King Birendra sought to emphasize economic development and a decentralization of authority.. King Birendra (Bir Bikram Shah Dev) of Nepal was born on December 28, 1945, the eldest son of King Mahendra and Queen Indra. Today is the nineteenth year of tragic Royal Palace masacare in the history of Nepal when many members of King Birendra families were killed. Birendra spent eight years studying at St Joseph's School, a Jesuit school in Darjeeling, with his brother Gyanendra. The King and Queen of Nepal have been shot dead after the heir to the throne went on the rampage with a gun before turning it on himself. The paper also questioned the official probe commission's report holding Dipendra responsible for the killings. King Birendra and Aishwarya of Nepal, during a visit by Queen Elizabeth II to Nepal, 21st February 1986. Early life: Late King Birendra was born at the Narayanhity Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi. Within hours of the killings, the international media had come out with the version, as quoted from a highly placed military source, that Crown Prince Dipendra had killed his father and King Birendra, mother and Queen Aishwarya, and his siblings, Princess Shruti and Prince Niranjan, in a fit of inebriated rage and then turned the machine-gun on himself. In killing his father King Birendra and other family members before shooting himself, a love-crazed prince exposes Nepal to emotions it never knew and uncertainy it never wanted. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, (born December 28, 1945, Kathmandu, Nepal—died June 1, 2001, Kathmandu), king of Nepal from 1972 to 2001, 10th in the line of monarchs in the Shah Dev family.. Built-in 2023 BS, the three-story building has 12 rooms. From a very young age, Birendra was described by his school teachers as a very kind and emotional prince. State radio, interrupting broadcasts of mourning music for King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya and six others who died Friday night, said the successor to the throne, Dipendra, remained critically ill. He is the most internationally well-known Nepalese king in modern history. In an attempt to maintain the panchayat system of government prominent leaders of the Nepali Congress Party were arrested. King Birendra(Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva)Age: 55 King of Nepal who was shot to death by his son, Crown Prince Dipendra, in a massacre that nearly wiped out the entire royal family. Built-in 2023 BS, the three-story building has 12 rooms. Birendra had two brothers, Dhirendra Shah and Gyanendra Shah. Following the controversy arising from naming its seasonal beer after late king Birendra, the Turbinenbräu brewery in Zürich has corresponded with Swiss Embassy in … For other uses, see, His Majesty King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Order of the Million Elephants and the White Parasol, Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, https://www.kullabs.com/classes/subjects/units/lessons/notes/note-detail/1971, "Nepal's King Gives Way to Multiparty Democracy", "The Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah - Childhood Picture", "Birendra, 55, Ruler of Nepal's Hindu Kingdom", "Coronation in 1975, Jean Pierre Laffont, 89 images", "NEPAL / ROYAL: Coronation of King Birendra 24 May 1975", "King Birendra of Nepal A ruler much loved by his people, he bowed to popular will and surrendered absolute power", "Nepal's royal killer is named King as his parents are cremated", Nepal massacre inquiry begins, at long last, "Nepal: Is India behind the Nepalese Royal Family massacre? Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the king of Nepal from 2001 to 2008. His wife, Queen Aiswarya; their daughter, Princess Shruti; and another son, Prince Nirajan, were also killed. There he was smeared with mud taken from various symbolic places - the bottom of a lake, the tusk of an elephant, a mountain, the confluence of two rivers and the doorstep of a prostitute's house. Maybe ex king Gyanendra became silent to keep the country safe otherwise war could have happened. On the auspicious occasion of his coronation, the King announced that he had ordered his government to make primary education available and free for every child, but disappointed those Nepalis who hoped that he would promise progress towards democracy.[13][14][15][16]. He endured the difficult change of heading the government of his mountain kingdom to … [18] He is the most internationally well … During his coronation there were guests from 60 different countries including the ‘Prince of Wales’, his teachers at Eton and former classmates. If what I learned from Birendra about U.S. relations with the rest of the world could encourage others to stop and think, perhaps the time had come to relate that story. King Birendra announced of Nepal Zone of Peace proposition during his coronation ceremony reception. Soon after dawn on that day, King Birendra was driven to the temple of his ancestral palace, the Hanuman Dhoka ("Gate of Hanuman"). Almost all of the royal family members were killed in the massacre except Gyanendra Shah, Birendra's younger brother. The chapter on ‘The Shah Restoration, 1950-2001’ covers the revival of the monarchy under Birendra’s grandfather King Tribhuvan, his father King Mahendra, and Birendra’s own role in ‘democratizing’ the nation. The referendum for a non-party government won by 55 percent of the votes against the 45 percent of the votes polled for a multi-party system of government. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal who succeeded King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev after his death in 1972. [3] He is credited for introducing SAARC in Asia in order to strengthen the foreign relations of Nepal with the other South Asian countries. [22][23][24][25], H.M. Svasti Sri Giriraja Bahadur Shah Bahadur Shamsher Jang Devanam Sada Samara Vijayinam, King of Nepal, Royal Victorian Chain (23 February 1975), Album of Late king Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev by Narayan Prasad Shiwakoti: Published on 1995 AD – Election, "Birendra" redirects here. It was a warm Friday evening on June 2001 in Kathmandu, Nepal and King Birendra Shah was looking forward … He also wanted that the absolute power vested with the monarch be abolished and there should be a ‘Constitutional Monarchy’ instead. The stability of Nepal was threatened even more when Birendra and his family (including Queen Aishwarya) were massacred at a royal dinner on 1 June 2001. His father was King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and mother was Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi. With his father's ascension Birendra became the Crown Prince of Nepal. He became the king of Nepal on January 31, 1972 after his father King Mahendra died. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was a King of Nepal. Cut and cleanly, Kunda Dixit He had to lift the ban on political parties on November 9, 1990 as pro-democracy strikes and rioting broke out in the country. Then, with Queen Aishwarya beside him, he was cleansed with butter, milk, yogurt and honey as priests chanted praises and salutations. As soon as the bodies of the King, Queen and other royal family members reached Arya Ghat, the holiest Hindu shrine on the bank of the Bhagmati river, preparation for the final rites began. King Birendra was born on Dec. 28, 1945, and acceded to the throne in January 1972, after the death of King Mahendra. King Birendra was born at the Narayanhity Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Devand his first wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi. He was the one who suggested the formation of SAARC consisting of Asian countries which would boost the relations and economy of all the member countries. He was best described as an emotional person even during his school days. 1st June 2001, was a black day in Nepali history when King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya, Prince Dipendra and 6 others were massacred inside the royal palace, Narayanhity. However, the leaders advocating for the democracy and historians all have claimed that the referendum was rigged. King Birendra was conceived as the oldest child of Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his first bride, Crown Princess Indra Rajya Lakshmi Devi, at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace in Kathmandu. He joined the Eton College in the United Kingdom in 1959. He was succeeded to the throne by his brother Gyanendra. King Birendra had spent eight years studying at St Joseph's College, a Jesuit school in Darjeeling. His son Crown Prince Dipendra was named King on June 2, 2001, after the unfaithful Royal family massacre of June 1, 2001 that took the lives of the King, Queen, Prince, Princess and five other Royal family members. He set up an ‘independent Constitution Recommendation Commission’ to find out the demands of the main opposition groups and to incorporate them in the new constitution. Detailed investigation is impossible as the "Tribhuvan Sadan" (the building where the massacre occurred) was demolished by the Gyanendra government which made Gyanendra a most unpopular king. Later, upon his father's death, Prince Dipendra was declared King of Nepal while … [7] Because of the growing pro-democracy movement Birendra announced that a referendum to decide between a non-party and a multi-party system would be held. He received the draft of the new constitution from them on September 10, 1990. King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya, their son Prince Nirajan, their daughter Princess Shruti, two of the king's sisters, his brother-in-law and a cousin were all killed by gunfire at the Narayanhiti royal palace in an incident which has left his eldest son and successor, Crown Prince Dipendra Bir … King Birendra will go down in history as a monarch who led Nepal through changing political times. [20], Eyewitness reports and an official investigation (carried by a two-man committee made up of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Keshav Prasad Upadhaya and the Speaker of the House of Representatives Taranath Ranabhat),[21] confirmed that Dipendra was the gunman. He died on June 1, 2001 in the royal palace massacre that took place there during a dinner party where the whole royal family except a few including Prince Gyanendra, were present. [1] King Birendra had spent eight years studying at St Joseph's College, a Jesuit school in Darjeeling. [4] He later completed his education by spending some time at the University of Tokyo, before studying political theory at Harvard University from 1967 to 1968. Dipendra was first killed on the June one, 2001 at the royal palace before his father King Birendra and mother Aishwarya died of gunshots during a dinner party, Lal Bahadur Lamteri told Nepali language Naya Patrika daily. Wearing eyeglasses and puffing on … In a discussion on BBC radio, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai spoke of King Birendra's impeccable personal manners and courtesy and his equally impeccable role as a constitutional monarch.[18][19]. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, (born December 28, 1945, Kathmandu, Nepal—died June 1, 2001, Kathmandu), king of Nepal from 1972 to 2001, 10th in the line of monarchs in the Shah Dev family.. The ‘People’s Movement’ in 1990 was a success because of his simple and democratic views. 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